Definitions & Terms

Here are some working definitions and terms that I will be using in this blog.

Asperger’s Syndrome (AS): It is a “neurobiological disorder on the higher-functioning end of the autism spectrum.  Individuals with AS and related disorders exhibit serious deficiencies in social and communication skills. They desire to fit in socially and have friends, but have a great deal of difficulty making effective social connections. Many of them are at risk for developing mood disorders, such as anxiety or depression, especially in adolescence.”

http://aspennj.org/what-is-asperger-syndrome

Aside from not being able to read social and facial cues, we also have sensory issues and are usually hyper focused on a particular special interest. However, the way Asperger’s affects an individual isn’t the same for everyone who has it.

To learn more about it, check out the definition by Tony Attwood, the world’s expert on Asperger’s:

http://www.tonyattwood.com.au/about-aspergers/what-is-aspergers

Aspie: Shortcut and a fond term used to call those with Asperger’s Syndrome.

ASD: Autism Spectrum Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): “Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over”. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/index.shtml

Sensory Issues: Those on the spectrum usually are particularly sensitive to particular sounds, tastes, smells, and even to the brightness and darkness of images or one’s surroundings. Sometimes, these can overwhelm someone with an ASD as they have difficulty processing them.

Stimming:Self-Stimulation. Repetitive behaviors such as hand waving or swaying. These behaviors both help calm and stimulate an individual. It can also help the individual block out outside unexpected stimuli.  Also called “stereotypic behaviors”. Some of these, however, are self-injurious such as head banging.

Neurotypical (NT): Neurologically Typical. Those who are not on the spectrum.